The regulation on the use of radioactive objects was carried out since 1968 when Parliament passed the Radioactive Objects Act 1968. Given the rapid development of atomic energy activities in Malaysia and requires more effective regulation, in April 1984 the Parliament passed the Atomic Energy Licensing Act (Act 304).
In accordance with the requirements of Section 3, Act 304, the Atomic Energy Licensing Board (AELB) was established under the Prime Minister’s Department on 1 February 1985. AELB acts as an enforcement body on Act 304 and subsidiary legislation made under the act. Beginning October 27, 1990, AELB was placed under the MINISTRY OF SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY AND INNOVATION. AELB comprises five members appointed by the minister. These members are all qualified in the field of science and technology related to atomic energy.